This is a story of what many historians believe is the actual beginning of World War II, the Second Sino-Japanese War. It remains however one of the lesser known encounters in the west. The war was the result of a decades long Japanese imperialist policy to expand its influence politically and militarily in order to secure access to raw material reserves, food and labor. The period after World War I brought about increasing stress on the Japanese society. Especially after, they saw themselves snubbed by the Treaty of Versailles. The course is taught via Zoom.  You must have a computer/tablet/phone with microphone and video capability.